There are many profiles of ADD/ADHD. Some of them are legitimate, and some of them appear to be ADD/ADHD, when there is actually something different going on in the brain and the body. The most typical profile is an alpha slowing profile, where the brain’s processing rate is slower than others of similar age. This is called a high theta/beta ratio.

Another profile is one where the individual is bouncing off the walls,highly distractible. This is someone who can hear multiple conversations in a room all at the same time. This one involves a fast brainwave called beta.

Another profile is due to early life and birth complications, such as hypoxia (lack of oxygen to the brain), use of forceps or suction in the delivery room, high fevers or other early life trauma, resulting in an excess slow frequencies, such as theta.

Yet another profile is an alpha peak frequency that is faster than most. Because alpha is the processing speed of the brain, a child with a fast alpha peak frequency might be very bright, but do poorly in school (because they are digesting data at a faster rate than they’re receiving it, leading to boredom). This is not actual ADD/ADHD, although it is often mislabeled.

We deal with all kinds of attention deficit disorders at our clinic. However, no one individual is the same, which is why a thorough assessment of what your kind of ADD/ADHD is, is crucial to your success.


Addiction is a brain disorder. It is not a lack of discipline or a moral issue. Brain training works to normalize what is dysfunctional. This type of work builds a strong foundation for recovery and relapse prevention.

In the brain, the reward network or pleasure network is the same as the addiction network. (This includes the amygdala and hippocampus). Addictive drugs (methamphetamine, cocaine, alcohol, etc.) change the network dynamics by introducing neurophysiological imbalance.

We deal with many kinds of addiction, including alcohol, cocaine, sex-addiction, and gambling. Although there are many profiles in addiction, very often the individual with addictive traits shows alow power EEG, where the need for stimulation is above average.


Anxiety and stress is the low hanging fruit in our clinic. Although not all presentations are the same, anxiety and stress are typically produced by overactive beta brainwaves, which are fast frequencies that are produced on the bark of the brain — the cortex. The location of the excessive beta brainwaves will help us to understand the nature of the stress, whether it be the persistent feeling that somethings not right, or constant nagging thoughts of worry, fear, and dread, restlessness, rumination, excessive worrying, fear, unwarranted reactivity, negative thinking, and defensiveness.

Anxiety often presents with other conditions, such as depression, PTSD, and other neuroses. There are many reasons why symptoms pair up, and part of our work in QEEG brain mapping and subcortical analyses is to determine where, why and how the various pathologies emerge.


There are many reasons and theories as to why autism emerges. Although autism spectrum disorders are treatable with neurotherapy, they are not short-term cases. Like other pathologies, there are various profiles to autism — some more severe than others. A base profile for autism often appears as excessive fast brainwaves (beta) and deficiencies in the pacing rhythm of the brain (alpha). We have worked with many autism cases over the past 10 years and have assisted this population in becoming significantly more functional.

See Dr. Dogris’s article on profiles in autism in the 201x edition of Biofeedback California Journal here.


There are many different kinds of depression. Early life trauma, loss, and physiological deficiencies in feel good neurotransmitters (such as dopamine and serotonin) are all possibilities as to why depression creeps in. There is not one kind of depression, many are resistant to pharmacological intervention. We can determine, from the EEG and brain map, how unique depressive profiles appear in the brainwaves.

Due to the variety and causes of depression, a QEEG and report are very helpful for both the patient and the clinician. Once we have identified how your depressive symptoms express, physiologically, we are often successful in treating the origin of your symptoms. By altering the physiology of the depression, the psychology of the individual often follows suit.


Sleep disorders are usually characterized by a deficiency in slow brainwaves (such as delta and theta). These slow brainwaves are responsible for putting you to sleep and keeping you asleep. Often there is an excessive fast brainwave profile (such as excessive high beta). This signals a system that is on overdrive, unable to calm and relax, due to various reasons. An inability to fall asleep or stay asleep is a problem that compiles and compounds over time. Because the brain synthesizes neuronal proteins and produces rejuvenating neurochemicals and neurotransmitters in sleep state, those who go without sleep begin to experience memory problems, relationship problems, work problems, difficulty with concentration and attention, and mood difficulties. Obesity is more common due to an increase in Ghrelin (which stimulates the appetite) and a decrease in leptin (which tells your body you’ve eaten enough and you’re full).

We have very good success with our insomnia clientele. Unlike other treatment modalities, we have the ability to deliver the deficient frequencies directly to the organ in need of them. This leads to deeper, longer, restful sleeps which, over a course of treatment, become permanent ways of operating in the night.


“In cases of TBI, neurofeedback is probably better than any medication or supplement."
--Richard Brown, MD; Associate Clinical Professor of Psychiatry, Columbia, College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY

When the brain suffers damage, often slower brainwaves — delta and theta — rush to the site of the injury to begin repairing. These are the brainwaves babies, toddlers and youth spend much time in while their brains are developing because their brains are developing. These slow waves are the waves of angiogenesis, neuroplasticity, and neurogenesis. Thus, it makes perfect sense that the brain would produce these waves when trying to regenerate damaged tissue.

However, the patterns of delta and theta become locked, entrenched, and habitual, preventing growth out of the concussed/stroke/TBI disabled state. The use of neurostimulation and
neurofeedback can create profound shifts in the ability to recuperate and recover from your injury.

With neurotherapy, we can target train specific areas of the brain that relate to speech (for example, Broca’s or Wernicke’s area) movement (such as the sensory motor strip), pattern
recognition, spatial awareness, etc. We can lift the fog that ensues post-concussion by restoring the brain’s functioning to what it was. By reinforcing the frequencies and patterns we want to see the brain generate, we can help ease you back into your normal ways of being.


Learning disabilities are pervasive and common. There are many modalities to work with them, many work well. Neurotherapy works well, but is completely different than the other options. It is used to train the area of the brain involved in learning or performing reading, math or auditory and visual processing.

We know that learning involves coordination between multiple areas of the brain. The speed, amplitude, coherence, and symmetry of the brain are all required for a sound system of information intake and output. Neurofeedback and neurostimulation increase the brain’s coordination and communication between different areas of the brain.

Since these conditions often show deviance in measures of connectivity, connectivity training is particularly effective with this demographic, and seems to provide more consistent improvements in learning issues such as reading comprehension, dyslexia, dyscalcula, and visual and auditory processing problems.


PTSD occurs when a sudden event traumatizes the individual (whether it be repeated abuse or an injury on the battlefield). The resultant symptoms are frequent intrusive images, a quick startle response, the inability to relax, difficulty sleeping, trauma dreams, substance abuse, relational problems, and mood problems.

When you’ve been subject to trauma, your brain is immediately conditioned to prepare it for the next event. There is an persistent overarousal in the sympathetic nervous system (fight, flight or freeze) paired with an inability to relax, self sooth, and rest. Very often this hypervigilance presents as an excessive fast EEG pattern, and can be coupled with the hallmarks of a traumatic experience, excessive slow wave forms (delta and theta) representing realms of unprocessed, unconscious trauma. The hypervigilance arrives in response to the slower waves, and we have the profile of PTSD.

PTSD responds well to neurotherapy. By addressing the physiology of the symptom, we are able to address the physics behind the conditioned response. After a number of sessions, it is common our clients experience a reduction in the disturbing symptoms of PTSD, beomcing able to resume a normal life.


OCD is an all-consuming pathology. Rumination, obsession, checking, fretting, weighing consequences, debating outcomes, again, and again, and again. When taking a qEEG, we can often see the area of the brain that is aberrant. We can see where excesses and compensatory deficiencies lie. We can see anywhere the brainwaves are locking — often causing the individual to go back, again, and again, drilling into the situation, obsession, or compulsion.

Using neurostimulation and neurofeedback we can begin to loosen the grip of the obsession and/or compulsion. Your mind will slowly begin to release the all-consuming thoughts. You will have the ability to discern real from unreal and to “shut it off.” The mind becomes more quiet and becomes more efficient at managing all issues.


Peak performance is a training modality that we reserve for athletes, executives, musicians and performers. Depending on the desired outcome, we will alter the performance training metrics. We will often begin with a baseline EEG, as well as a state dependent EEG, where the individual envisions the task at hand. We will then build a customized training regimen for the performer, such as peak alpha frequency enhancement (ideal for the individual who desires a faster processing rate, such as speed - sport competitors and high-level executives). There is only so much time in a day, and certain individuals need to maximize their output in order to maximize their gain. This is the realm of the quantified self.


There are a variety of meditative profiles. The process of meditation is unique to the meditator. Some of the more common profiles are 1) increased Alpha Amplitudes & Coherence, 2) decreased Alpha Frequencies, 3) increased Alpha and Theta Amplitudes, 4) increased Gamma Amplitude, and 5) increased Gamma Synchrony (Coherence).

Our process of sharpening meditative capabilities begins with a meditative profile. Once we discern what kind of meditator you are, we can then begin to train out the noise in the EEG and amplify the pattern that create the meditative experience.

The field of meditation enhancement is exciting and we’ve been privileged to work with gurus, yogis, and individuals renowned for their meditative prowess.


Neurofield equipment is useful for bodily injuries, excessive inflammation, infection, and defective body systems. Although most clients find our body work in a round-about way (i.e. by first coming in for a psychopathology), we have providers all over the country who specialize in the use of stimulation modalities to address a wide array of disorders.